Queen Anne [1895 > 1910]
Derived from English and American styles that revived elements from the architecture of Queen Anne’s reign (1702-14), these picturesque houses are deliberately complex, creating a kind of vigorous grandeur. Most are freestanding and set well back from the street, but terraced versions do exist. Houses usually have complex roof forms and asymmetrical floor plans. The roof form is a key feature of these houses.



> steeply pitched terracotta tiled roofs, usually with a gable end facing the street; early examples may be slate with terracotta embellishments

> extensive decorative embellishment, including terracotta ridge cappings, finials, dragons and gargoyles; fretted frieze panels and post brackets, turned verandah posts, chimney cornices and terracotta pots

> leadlight or rectangles of coloured glass to windows

> fretwork featuring patterns ranging from geometric to extravagant Art Nouveau designs




> fences usually timber pickets, sometimes with fretted picket heads

> palms are popular and native trees begin to be incorporated





> ceilings sometimes divided into panels ornamented with plaster straps and shallow patterns with Art Nouveau motifs

> fireplaces with ingle-nooks in very large houses

> elaborate wallpapers

> painted plaster walls with picture rails and sometimes wallpaper, pressed metal or timber




> strong colours, textures and ornament applied fairly evenly over the whole building

> red brickwork with flush joints and tiled roofs

> gable ends rough cast or stucco, sometimes left natural grey or painted cream

> timber mouldings and battens to gable ends usually painted a dark colour

> other woodwork painted cream, brown or green

> brickwork rarely painted, red oxide used in association with tuck-pointing




Light Straw

Light Cream


Pale Green





Dark Brown

Brilliant Green

Pale Cream

Olive Green




> post-Depression domestic architecture is less ornate than Late Victorian

> Art Nouveau style of decoration becomes popular

> preference for natural building materials like red brick and timber

> Marseilles tiles, initially imported from France, become the typical material for roofs

> by 1890 cable trams extend from city centre to emerging suburbs

> Federation inspires a search for an identifiably Australian architectural style