Inter-war [1918 > 1939]
Single storey detached houses predominate during this period. Set well back from the street on fairly large blocks, they exhibit simplicity of style that reflects both economic stringency and the move towards modernism. Porches replace verandahs. Building forms are simple and fairly austere with limited embellishment, although the influence of a number of decorative styles such as Spanish Mission, Georgian Revival and Art Deco is apparent.



> simple plan forms

> red brick, rendered, roughcast or weatherboard walls

> ornamentation limited to the front porch, chimney and occasional brickwork patterning

> design emphasis on the horizontal, especially in window frame patterns





> front fences; commonly brick, some with decorated wrought iron panels featuring Art Deco zigzag motifs and matching gates

> wide areas of lawn with narrow perimeter garden beds, trimmed hedges and small shrubs, roses are common

> driveways usually have two paved wheel strips with lawn between






> Art Deco or other design motifs on glass doors to living and dining rooms, and sometimes in cornices and ceiling mouldings

> decorative paint schemes with lighter tones






> brickwork usually white, red or brown with darker highlights a variety of geometric patterns in brickwork on eaves, stepped arches over entry porches and chimneys

> as more colours become available, paint schemes become increasingly eclectic

> the distinction between main and detail colours evaporates







Rose Pink

Pale Ochre






Off White

Deep Indian Red

Fern Green

Dark Brown




> great stylistic diversity due to travel and spread of ideas

> 1920 Housing and Reclamation Act makes housing more accessible

> 1921 State Savings Bank introduces a housing scheme

> 1938 Housing Commission of Victoria established

> space optimised by removing long passages, combining rooms and decreasing kitchen size

> as car ownership grows, driveways and garages appear